The NOAA Office of Law Enforcement (OLE) together with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Hawaii’s Department of Land and Natural Resources, and U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) enforce regulations, conduct investigations and work with prosecutors to address illegal activities. The collaborative monitoring, control, and surveillance program consists of both electronic monitoring as well as physical law enforcement patrols. NOAA OLE and USCG monitor fishing vessel activity 24 hours a day via electronic systems including NOAA’s domestic fishing vessel monitoring system (VMS), international Regional Fisheries Management Organization’s VMS, and Automatic Identification System (AIS) reporting. Additionally, both opportunistic as well as directed physical aerial and surface law enforcement patrols are conducted by the USCG in coordination with NOAA OLE.